Hemp cultivation is big business. The medicinal plant is now legal to grow in every state under federal law. Millions of Americans rely on hemp products for food, health, and overall well-being.
If you are looking to be a part of the growing hemp industry, this article will overview what growing hemp and harvesting hemp entails.
A Beginner’s Guide to Hemp Cultivation
Although closely related to marijuana, hemp seeds do not produce the psychoactive agent THC. In other words, growing hemp won’t lead to you running afoul of the law.
Hemp is a hearty plant that grows well in most climates and regions of the United States. Unless you live at ultra-high elevations or in a barren desert, you have a good shot at growing a healthy crop of hemp plants.
What You’ll Need to Get Started
As with any crop, you’ll need ample outdoor land or an indoor greenhouse. If you aren’t trying to grow large quantities of hemp then you can get away with a few acres of land.
Most states require that hemp farmers register with the state or obtain some type of license. A hemp license could cost a few hundred to several hundred dollars (or more) depending on how many acres you plan on planting. Once you have filed the necessary paperwork with your state, county, and city, you can start sowing seeds that end up becoming hemp salve and other products.
How to Farm and Harvest Hemp
When sowing seeds, it’s important to remember that the growing cycle for hemp is around 120 days. If you are planting the seeds outdoors, you want to start early enough in the season to avoid cold temperatures up to 120 days later.
First, till the soil. This breaks up the soil and prepares it for receiving seeds. You can rent a motorized tiller or you can till the soil manually.
You can simply sow the seeds directly over the soil. Some farmers prefer to grow saplings indoors before transplanting the small plants outside. Either option works.
It is best to sow hemp seeds fairly close together. Four inches is a good rule of thumb. That will maximize the use of your land while giving each plant enough room to grow.
Seeds should be planted at a depth of around half an inch to 3/4 of an inch. During the first six weeks, you’ll need to water the plants regularly. After three months, your crop should be ready to harvest. Standard combines are perfectly adequate for harvesting hemp.
Drying the hemp allows it to be stored for extended periods of time. Don’t wait until you harvest to find a buyer. Boutique stores, chains, and large retail grocers are potential customers for your product.
Cultivate a Love of Hemp Through Farming
Hemp farming and hemp cultivation can be rewarding and profitable endeavors. Hemp products like CBD have gained widespread acceptance among consumers of all ages.
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